Wednesday, September 21, 2011

MySql Date Format

DATE_FORMAT(date,format)

Formats the date value according to the format string.

The following specifiers may be used in the format string. The “%” character is required before format specifier characters.

SpecifierDescription
%aAbbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat)
%bAbbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)
%cMonth, numeric (0..12)
%DDay of the month with English suffix (0th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, …)
%dDay of the month, numeric (00..31)
%eDay of the month, numeric (0..31)
%fMicroseconds (000000..999999)
%HHour (00..23)
%hHour (01..12)
%IHour (01..12)
%iMinutes, numeric (00..59)
%jDay of year (001..366)
%kHour (0..23)
%lHour (1..12)
%MMonth name (January..December)
%mMonth, numeric (00..12)
%pAM or PM
%rTime, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss followed by AM or PM)
%SSeconds (00..59)
%sSeconds (00..59)
%TTime, 24-hour (hh:mm:ss)
%UWeek (00..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week
%uWeek (00..53), where Monday is the first day of the week
%VWeek (01..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; used with %X
%vWeek (01..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; used with %x
%WWeekday name (Sunday..Saturday)
%wDay of the week (0=Sunday..6=Saturday)
%XYear for the week where Sunday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %V
%xYear for the week, where Monday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %v
%YYear, numeric, four digits
%yYear, numeric (two digits)
%%A literal “%” character
%xx, for any “x” not listed above

Ranges for the month and day specifiers begin with zero due to the fact that MySQL permits the storing of incomplete dates such as '2014-00-00'.

The language used for day and month names and abbreviations is controlled by the value of the lc_time_names system variable (Section 9.7, “MySQL Server Locale Support”).

DATE_FORMAT() returns a string with a character set and collation given by character_set_connection and collation_connection so that it can return month and weekday names containing non-ASCII characters.
mysql> SELECT DATE_FORMAT('2009-10-04 22:23:00', '%W %M %Y');
        -> 'Sunday October 2009'
mysql> SELECT DATE_FORMAT('2007-10-04 22:23:00', '%H:%i:%s');
        -> '22:23:00'
mysql> SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1900-10-04 22:23:00',
    ->  '%D %y %a %d %m %b %j');
        -> '4th 00 Thu 04 10 Oct 277'
mysql> SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1997-10-04 22:23:00',
    ->  '%H %k %I %r %T %S %w');
        -> '22 22 10 10:23:00 PM 22:23:00 00 6'
mysql> SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1999-01-01', '%X %V');
        -> '1998 52'
mysql> SELECT DATE_FORMAT('2006-06-00', '%d');
        -> '00'

Source: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/date-and-time-functions.html